Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine and pediatrics dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney. Nephrology concerns the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those requiring renal replacement therapy, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. Many diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not limited to the organ itself, and may require special treatment. Examples include acquired conditions such as systemic vasculitides (e.g. ANCA vasculitis) and autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupus), as well as congenital or genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.
Patients are referred to nephrology specialists for various reasons, such as acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, hematuria, proteinuria, kidney stones, hypertension, and disorders of acid/base or electrolytes.
Best treatment for patients having ESRD is kidney transplantation. It gives better survival and best quality of life. If this is not possible for some reason, then patients can be managed with dialysis.Nephrology under department –
- Haemo dialysis
- Peritoneal dialysis
- Kidney transplantation
- Kidney biopsy