Audiology is the branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and related disorders. Its practitioners, who treat those with hearing loss and proactively prevent related damage are audiologists. Our Doctor various testing strategies (e.g. hearing tests, otoacoustic emission measurements, videonystagmography, and electrophysiological tests), audiology aims to determine whether someone can hear within the normal range, and if not, which portions of hearing (high, middle, or low frequencies) are affected and to what degree. If an audiologist determines that a hearing loss or vestibular abnormality is present he or she will provide recommendations to a patient as to what options (e.g. aid, cochlear, surgery, appropriate medical referrals) may be of assistance.